The skin is composed of layers of cells, glands, and hair. Every 30 days, the epidermis’ outermost layer naturally sheds itself as new rows of skin cells emerge at the top. However, the stratum corneum can sometimes miss to scrap itself entirely and may lead to flakes and clogged pores.
Furthermore, the body’s skin cell turnover rate naturally declines with age. Fortunately, skincare products that focus on exfoliation like face scrubs are available in the market today. So, you can decide on which products can give your skin a bright, youthful glow while keeping the harmful bacteria at bay. And here are some need-to-knows to guide your way as you exfoliate your face:
1. Choosing Your Exfoliant
Exfoliation is one of the most important factors in a skincare routine. However, just because it is only one step doesn’t mean that you can overlook the process or product you will use for it. Similarly, over prioritising this step alone that you disregard other parts of the regimen is bad for your face.
Physical or mechanical exfoliators like brushes, scrubs, and dermaplaning use friction to remove debris from the face. And cleansers, toners, and serums containing alpha and beta hydroxy acids (AHAs and BHAs), salicylic acid, and fruit acids form the chemical exfoliators. Besides, a combination of any of the two sources of exfoliants also exists as rinse-off products.
2. Choosing Your Face Scrub
Exfoliation achieved by face scrubs physically removes the dead skin cells and dirt away. You can use the gritty texture in the scrub’s particles to improve your skin’s radiance. In addition, you can also control the intensity of your scrub with your touch and exfoliate accordingly.
So, to choose the appropriate face scrub, you will first need to determine your skin type. Physical exfoliators like scrubs are best for dry and sensitive skin. They specifically improve your skin’s texture and minimise roughness without causing inflammation.
You can then check the grains of the scrub that you choose and if you can tolerate it. You can test this by trying the product on your hand and determining that you need to avoid it if it feels scratchy or irritating. It is also important to read through the exfoliator ingredients and decide whether they would fit in your existing skincare regimen.
3. When Exfoliating
Exfoliation cleanses the skin on your face and leaves it smooth. However, scrubbing your face can strip off the skin’s natural protective barrier. Thus, you will need to gently massage the scrub in the area for one or two minutes.
It is crucial to exfoliate properly and regularly, but it is ideal for sensitive-skinned individuals to scrub their faces only once a week. On the other hand, people with a normal skin type can use a facial scrub twice or thrice a week.
Meanwhile, it is essential to monitor your skin to see if there are adverse reactions. Most importantly, you can check whether or not your skin has benefited from the exfoliation and how you can adjust accordingly. Also, exfoliating your skin should never hurt your face after all.
4. Beware of Over-Exfoliation
Another purpose of exfoliation is to aid other products in seeping deep into your skin. Moreover, experts consider skin hypersensitivity to other products in your regimen as a sign of over-exfoliation.
The classical signs of over-exfoliation include itching, burning, or peeling sensation on your face. There is also a noticeable amount of redness and inflammation. You can also eventually experience breakouts, especially small pimples.
Thus, constant skin monitoring is imperative. Quick spot-on treatments and haltering the product use also can be beneficial. Moreover, moisturizing your skin must always be essential at all times.
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