Data Analytics Vs Data Science: An Overview


Data analysts and data scientists both work with data, the difference is in the work that they do with it. Data analysts inspect sets of data and use it to identify trends, develop charts, and create visual presentations. With the help of the results provided by Data analysts, businesses can make more strategic decisions. On the other hand, Data scientists create and formulate new processes for data modeling and production using prototypes, algorithms, predictive models, and custom analysis.

Operating Data Analytics

The job role of data analysts varies across industries, however, data analysts usually use data to understand and solve problems. Data analysts work in a wide range of fields including business, finance, advertising, operations, pricing, and international strategy analysis. Data analysts evaluate well-defined sets of data using different tools to answer business demands. This knowledge will help find answers to questions like why sales decreased this quarter, why a marketing campaign didn’t do well in all regions, what internal factors affecting revenue, and more. 

Data analysts have skills including data mining, data modeling, R or SAS, SQL, and database management and reporting.

Data analysts usually design and maintain data systems and databases with the help of statistical tools to depict data sets. They are also responsible for preparing reports that reveal movements, patterns, and predictions based on useful results.

Operating Data Science

Data scientists measure the required or undiscovered results by asking questions, creating algorithms, and statistical models. Unlike Data analysts, Data scientists do not deal with heavy coding. Data scientists work with limitless data sets with multiple tools and build their automation systems and frameworks. 

A Data scientist should have practical and working knowledge of machine learning, software development, Hadoop, Java, data warehouse, python, object-oriented programming, and more.

Data scientists are mostly responsible for designing data modeling processes, as well as creating algorithms and predictive models. These models and algorithms help in extracting required information and solving complex problems.

Data Science or Data Analytics: which one to choose?

You can access to choose the right path for you after understanding the differences between data analytics and data science and identifying each career’s requirement. There are three key factors you should consider before deciding which career path is the best-suited choice for your professional goals.


  • Choosing the right education background


Though there are many similarities in the work of Data Scientists and Data analysts, you need different educational backgrounds for each. 

Data analysts examine large data sets to identify trends that help businesses make important decisions. Pursuing an undergraduate degree in a science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) major can provide the required skills to perform these tasks. Some professionals prefer to have an advanced degree in analytics or a related field. Professional experience in programming, databases, modeling, and predictive analytics is also suited for this job.

Data scientists are responsible for designing and constructing new processes for data modeling and production. In this process, they use data mining and machine learning. That’s why a master’s in data science is considered as an essential education prerequisite for professional advancement.

If you’re a student and thinking about which stream you should choose then you may find a data analytics role more attractive. Employers prefer candidates with an undergraduate degree for these positions. But if you have decided to devote yourself to an advanced degree then you would like to go for Data scientists’ roles. 


  • Choosing your area of interest


If you love working with numbers and statistics or are interested in computer science and business, then these jobs are right for you.

Data analysts deal with numbers, statistics, and programming so they love these fields. A Data analyst has to work in databases to discover data points from complex sources because they work as the protector of an organization. They should also understand the work culture and nature of the industry they work in.

Data scientists are required to understand math, statistics, and computer science and have knowledge of the business world. If this characterization matches your educational background and experience then a data scientist role is the right pick for you. 

In both cases, you should have an understanding of which career matches your interests. This will help you select what kind of work you’ll enjoy. 


  • Choosing your desired salary and career path


The pay scale of data analysts and data scientists’ roles varies with the level of experience. 

Data analysts’ pay scale varies between USD 83,750 and USD 142,500. They mainly have to deal with the databases, but their salaries can be increased by learning additional programming skills, such as R and Python. Researches have shown that data analysts with more than 10 years of experience earn more money and receive promotions.

Data scientists with a graduate degree are generally more experienced and are considered more superior to data analysts. That’s why they are better paid. According to reports, data scientists receive an annual salary between USD 105,750 and USD 180,250. Data scientists achieve more promotions as well. They can advance to senior roles such as data architect or data engineer.

Data analysts and data scientists differ in responsibilities, educational requirements, and career trajectory. A qualified professional for data-focused careers are highly demanded these days because of businesses increased reliability on data.

So, now when you know about all the deciding factors for choosing between data scientists and data analysts, you will be able to decide which career is the right fit for you. uCertify will help you with the next step, gaining the correct skills to become a data scientist or analyst. Our comprehensive courses and other learning resources will teach you everything you need to know. So, start learning with uCertify today!